THE ASSIGNMENT: 5 PAGES Examine Case Study: A Young Caucasian Girl with ADHD (CASE STUDY IS IN ATTACHED FILE WITH DECISION RESULTS) You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication Nursing Assignment Help

THE ASSIGNMENT: 5 PAGES

Examine Case Study: A Young Caucasian Girl with ADHD (CASE STUDY IS IN ATTACHED FILE WITH DECISION RESULTS) You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.

At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature.

Introduction to the case (1 page)

  • Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.

Decision #1 (1 page)

  • Which decision did you select?
  • Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
  • Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
  • What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).
  • Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.

Decision #2 (1 page)

  • Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
  • Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
  • What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).
  • Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.

Decision #3 (1 page)

  • Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
  • Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
  • What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).
  • Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.

Conclusion (1 page)

  • Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.

*** the case study and template to be used are in attached files

Expert Solution Preview

Introduction:

This assignment involves examining a case study of a young Caucasian girl with ADHD and making three decisions regarding the medication to prescribe for her. It is important to consider the factors that may impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes when making these decisions. The specific patient factors that may influence decision-making in prescribing medication for this patient will be discussed in this assignment.

Decision #1:

The decision selected for the first decision point is to prescribe methylphenidate (Ritalin) as the initial medication for the patient. This decision is based on research and clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of methylphenidate in managing ADHD symptoms in children.

Other two options, such as atomoxetine and clonidine, were not selected for decision #1. Atomoxetine is not preferred as an initial treatment option due to the potential for serious side effects such as hepatotoxicity and suicidal ideation. Clonidine, on the other hand, is typically used as an adjunctive treatment rather than as a first-line treatment for ADHD.

The goal of selecting methylphenidate is to achieve symptom reduction, improved attention, and better overall functioning in the patient. The decision is supported by evidence from primary literature, including studies that demonstrate the effectiveness of methylphenidate in controlling ADHD symptoms.

Ethical considerations play a crucial role in the treatment plan and communication with patients. In this case, it is important to engage in shared decision-making with the patient’s parents or guardians, ensuring their informed consent and involving them in the decision-making process. Open and honest communication regarding the benefits, potential side effects, and risks of the medication is essential.

Decision #2:

The decision selected for the second decision point is to continue with methylphenidate monotherapy. This decision is based on the medication’s initial effectiveness and tolerability in the patient.

The other two options, switching to atomoxetine or adding clonidine as an adjunctive treatment, were not selected for decision #2. Switching to atomoxetine at this point may involve a delay in achieving optimal symptom control, as it takes several weeks to reach the therapeutic effect. Adding clonidine may be considered as an adjunctive treatment if the initial monotherapy is insufficient or if the patient experiences intolerable side effects.

The goal of continuing with methylphenidate monotherapy is to maintain symptom reduction, improve attention, and enhance overall functioning. Primary literature supports the use of methylphenidate as a first-line treatment for ADHD with a favorable balance between efficacy and tolerability.

Ethical considerations should continue to guide the treatment plan and communication with patients. Regular monitoring of the patient’s response and addressing any concerns or side effects promptly are essential. Additionally, involving the patient’s parents or guardians in decision-making and providing them with ongoing support and education about the medication and its potential effects are crucial.

Decision #3:

The decision selected for the third decision point is to add cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) as an adjunctive treatment to methylphenidate. This decision is based on evidence supporting the effectiveness of CBT in addressing ADHD symptoms and improving functioning in children.

The other two options, namely increasing the dose of methylphenidate or switching to clonidine as a monotherapy, were not selected for decision #3. Increasing the dose of methylphenidate may involve the risk of exacerbating side effects without additional benefits. Switching to clonidine as a monotherapy may not sufficiently address the patient’s ADHD symptoms, as it is generally used as an adjunctive treatment or second-line option.

The goal of adding CBT is to enhance the effectiveness of medication in managing ADHD symptoms and addressing behavioral and psychological aspects of the disorder. Combination treatment with medication and CBT has shown better outcomes compared to medication alone in ADHD management.

Ethical considerations remain important in the treatment plan and communication with patients. The benefits and potential risks of combining medication with CBT should be discussed with the parents or guardians, allowing them to make informed decisions about their child’s treatment. Ongoing collaboration, support, and education are essential for optimizing treatment outcomes.

Conclusion:

Based on the case study and evaluation of patient-specific factors, the following recommendations are made:

1. Start with methylphenidate as the initial medication for ADHD treatment.
2. Continue with methylphenidate monotherapy if it proves effective and well-tolerated.
3. Add cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) as an adjunctive treatment to methylphenidate.

These recommendations are supported by clinical evidence from the primary literature, demonstrating the efficacy and safety of methylphenidate in managing ADHD symptoms. Ethical considerations, such as informed consent, shared decision-making, and ongoing communication, should guide the treatment plan and communication with patients and their parents or guardians.

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