Please choose THREE questions, and write at least FIVE sentences for each question. Be SPECIFIC and avoid FLUFF.
1. Explain the different sorts of justification of Hammurabi’s law code: theological (law is just because of god’s command), historical (law is just because of history), rational (law is just because it is rational)? How are they connected?
2. Explain the difference between the temperate and intemperate person, according to Amenemopet. Why does Amenemopet think his son should follow his advice; in other words, what are the different connections between a virtuous life and happiness in this life versus the afterlife?
3. What is the connection between the dialogue with Euthyphro on piety and the charge of impiety brought against Socrates in the Apology? How do both of them connect to the issues of knowledge of the good and wisdom of the gods?
4. Explain the difference between the two different sets of accusers in the Apology, who are they, what are they saying, and, most importantly, why does it matter? 1 5. What is the connection between the ideas that “to know the good is to do the good” and that “the unexamined life is not worth living”?
6. Why is there none wiser than Socrates? Name and explain at least three things Socrates knows. Make sure to include the difference between ignorance and meta-ignorance.
7. What is the common problem of the three definitions of justice in Book 1 of the Republic? How can we tell, right away, that the Socrates of the Republic is different than the Socrates of the Apology? 8. Explain the concept of an “art” in the dialogue with Thrasymachus and give two of your own original— contemporary— examples of how to use this concept to analyze activity, aim, and excellence and how to distinguish between a good, bad, and ‘non’ craftsman. 9. Why are “pleasure” and “honor” not architectonic, self-sufficient, or complete goods, using Aristotle’s test from Chapter 1 of the Nicomachean Ethics?